Perhaps, we often hear and see in various media about the North Pole. Yes, the North Pole is more ‘popular’ than the South Pole because it is often explored and reported. In addition, the geographical proximity with developed countries makes it no longer a place full of mysteries.
Actually, Antarctica, located at the South Pole, is a natural laboratory of the giant to study the earth and its atmosphere, as well as changes in the environment globally, including changes associated with human activities. Antarctica is the continent most remote in the world that is contradictory. Very beautiful and a virgin, but very unfriendly. This is where the most stormy and coldest on earth, at once the most fragile and sensitive.
the Rainfall is low compared with the continent any, but the ice contains 70 percent of freshwater on the planet. With an average thickness of about 2,200 meters, the ice makes Antarctica as a continent is the highest in the world, with a height of around 2,300 meters above sea level. this Continent is also the continent’s fifth-largest in the world. However, Antarctica has no permanent residents larger than a colony of lamuk, a kind of a fly-sized one centimeter.
the Following 10 unique facts that may not much You know about Antarctica.
1. 53 million years ago, Antarctica was so warm up the coconut tree grows along the beaches. The temperature on the continent is never above 20 degrees Celsius.
2. Antarctica is the continent most cold, the temperature in winter can reach – 73 degrees Celsius. Record the temperature of the coldest is on the 21st of July 1983, which noted the Station Vostok belongs to Russia on the continent, around – 89,2 degrees C.
3. 70 percent of freshwater on the planet earth found in layers of ice that cover Antarctica. In some places, the thickness of the ice in Antarctica can reach 4 km. If the ice in Antarctica melt, sea level worldwide will rise by 60-65 meters. Only less than 2% of Antarctica not covered in ice, including the McMurdo Dry Valleys, are referred to as the driest place in the world.
4. Although it has extreme temperatures, there were of 1150 species of fungi have been identified to survive in Antarctica. The fungus can adapt perfectly at extremely low temperatures, as well as cycles of freezing and thawing continuously and repeatedly.
5. Antarctica has all the time zones on earth. All lines of longitude that we use to determine the time zones meet at the poles, North and South.
6. Tens of thousands of families live in the Arctic Circle, which is also home to thousands of flora and fauna. But, no man is to be the original inhabitants of Antarctica. The natives are just algae, bacteria, moss, lichens, two species of flowering plants, and a handful of species of insects.
7. Explorers from Norway, Roald Amundsen was the first man to reach the South Pole. He left the British explorer Robert Falcon Scott in the back and arrived on this continent on December 14, 1911, with self-adhesive flag his nation in there.
8. Antarctica is not included in the territory of any country. In 1959 held the negotiations between twelve countries to sign the Antarctic Treaty, of which the contents are dedicating this continent to the activities of peace research. To this day, the agreement has already been signed by 48 countries.
9. If the North Pole surrounded by Continents America, Asia, and Europe with a population, Antarctica is surrounded by ocean kingdom and is the region’s most stormy on planet earth. If the North Pole is actually the sea that is frozen, the South Pole island covered in ice.
10. ”Antarctica is nicknamed the continent that is throbbing,” says the Encyclopedia Britannica, because of every year the buildup and shrinkage of the coastline of the outermost ice-covered. At its peak, the ice floes can form off the coast as far as 1,600 kilometers. Expansion and shrinkage occur six times on the ice floes in the Arctic, so Antarctica is much more influential on the global weather.